JAN 17, 2024 6:00 AM PST

Study Sheds Light on Cannabinoid Treatments for Dogs and Cats

WRITTEN BY: Kerry Charron

A study published in the Journal of Cannabis Research explored the status of cannabinoid use in veterinary medicine. The researchers aimed to assess the effects of cannabinoids on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of cats and dogs. The ECS regulates many physiological functions, such as metabolism, immune, nervous, and cardiovascular functions. The findings indicated that cannabinoids have potential therapeutic benefits for cats and dogs. 

The researchers conducted a web-based survey of Argentinian Cannabis Veterinarians to determine how many veterinary medicine professionals are currently developing treatments with cannabinoids. The survey showed the geographical distribution of veterinarians. A majority of veterinarians practiced in the provinces of Buenos Aires (51.60%). 16% were in Santa Fe, 9.3% were in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA), and the rest were in the provinces (23.10%). 

Survey analysis indicated that 67% of the veterinary professionals identified as small animal generalists (including services for dogs and cats). 33% had specialties such as nutrition, surgery, cardiology, nephrology, neurology, physiotherapy, anesthesiology, and emergency medicine. 

77% of the data reported reflected treatment for cats and 21% for dogs. The most common conditions for dogs included pain, seizures, and behavior disorders, while cats experienced several conditions. The most common canine breeds included Beagle, Dachshund, German Shepherd, Labrador, French Bulldog, and mixed breeds. The most commonly treated cat breeds included the European Shorthair, Persian, and Siamese. 

The veterinarians administered full-spectrum cannabis extract derived from three different chemotypes. The researchers gave the animals the cannabis extract alone or with standard medication. The dogs and cats showed different improvement grades when clinically assessed.

The analysis pointed to the promising medicinal use of cannabis in veterinary practice. The research team plans to conduct controlled trials to advance the knowledge of cannabinoid applications in veterinary medicine. This research is needed to determine the safe and effective use of cannabinoid pet products.

Sources: International Cannabis Business Conference, Journal of Cannabis Research 


About the Author
Bachelor's (BA/BS/Other)
Kerry Charron writes about medical cannabis research. She has experience working in a Florida cultivation center and has participated in advocacy efforts for medical cannabis.
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