APR 08, 2020 5:35 PM PDT

Can Quantum Technology Diagnose Complicated Heart Conditions?

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

Currently, atrial fibrillation (AF) is a heart condition that is diagnosed using an electrocardiogram (ECG). However, diagnosing with ECGs must be done during an AF episode proving the need to catch the condition before it happens.

Learn more about atrial fibrillation (AF):

The condition of AF causes an irregular and abnormal heart rate that can lead to far greater consequences such as blood clots, stroke, heart failure and other heart-related issues. Treatments consist of a surgical intervention known as ‘catheter ablation’ and if proper diagnosis is given, lives can potentially be saved through the treatment.

"Atrial fibrillation is a serious condition that surprisingly little is known about it. We hope to change this through our work with clinicians in terms of both diagnosis and treatment,” says corresponding author, Dr. Luca Marmugi. "Surgery to treat atrial fibrillation effectively cuts the wires to prevent a short circuit in the heart, resetting the irregular heartbeat to a normal one, and our technology would help to identify where the short circuit is. While not available in the clinic yet, we've shown, for the first time, that it is possible to map the conductivity of live tissues in small volumes to an unprecedented level of sensitivity and at room temperature."

Now, researchers have developed a novel imaging technology based on quantum physics that can observe the conductivity of solutions mimicking human tissues and image diseased areas in the heart. Knowing these diseased areas can help surgeons carefully pinpoint the areas that can be targeted freely from abnormal electrical circuits.

Findings were published in the journal Applied Physics Letters.

Co-author and group leader, Professor Ferruccio Renzoni (UCL Physics & Astronomy), said:

"We've achieved a phenomenal level of sensitivity in an unshielded, room temperature environment, which brings us a lot closer to bringing this technology to the clinic. It was only possible by using quantum technologies and we are excited about the potential applications for improving clinical outcomes of atrial fibrillation."

Source: Science Daily

About the Author
  • Nouran earned her BS and MS in Biology at IUPUI and currently shares her love of science by teaching. She enjoys writing on various topics as well including science & medicine, global health, and conservation biology. She hopes through her writing she can make science more engaging and communicable to the general public.
You May Also Like
APR 23, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
Wearable e-skin powered by sweat
APR 23, 2020
Wearable e-skin powered by sweat
What if your skin could monitor your heart rate, body temperature, and blood sugar levels? Well, not your skin, exactly ...
APR 27, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Hubble Snaps Gorgeous Photo for 30th Anniversary
APR 27, 2020
Hubble Snaps Gorgeous Photo for 30th Anniversary
The Hubble Space Telescope surpassed its 30th year in space on Friday, April 24th. Being that it’s one of the most ...
MAY 04, 2020
Cardiology
Machine Learning May Help in the Diagnosis of Inherited High Cholesterol
MAY 04, 2020
Machine Learning May Help in the Diagnosis of Inherited High Cholesterol
Familial hypercholesterolemia, or FH, is an inherited genetic mutation in how the body recycles LDL cholesterol (bad cho ...
MAY 31, 2020
Space & Astronomy
SpaceX Demo-2 Mission Docks Safely with International Space Station
MAY 31, 2020
SpaceX Demo-2 Mission Docks Safely with International Space Station
SpaceX and NASA gave the green light for the precedent-setting Demo-2 mission Saturday afternoon, officially bringing cr ...
JUN 08, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Space Agencies Are Developing Novel Space Junk Cleanup Tools
JUN 08, 2020
Space Agencies Are Developing Novel Space Junk Cleanup Tools
There are thousands of satellites orbiting the Earth today, with some residing in Low-Earth Orbit and others following a ...
JUL 10, 2020
Technology
Why the Law Needs Open Access Data?
JUL 10, 2020
Why the Law Needs Open Access Data?
Researchers at Northwestern University believe that a fair justice system needs open access data that is not hidden behi ...
Loading Comments...