Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes mediate tissue regeneration in a variety of diseases including ischemic heart injury, liver fibrosis, and cerebrovascular disease. Despite an increasing number of studies reporting the therapeutic effects of MSC exosomes, the underlying molecular mechanisms and their miRNA complement are poorly characterized. At a system level, miRNA-targeted genes were enriched for (cardio)vascular and angiogenesis processes in line with observed cardiovascular regenerative effects. Targeted pathways were related to Wnt signaling, pro-fibrotic signaling via TGF-ß and PDGF, proliferation, and apoptosis. The data presented in the webinar has helped define the miRNA landscape of MSC exosomes, establish their biological functions through network analyses at a system level, and provide a platform for modulating the overall phenotypic effects of exosomes using nCounter miRNA assays from NanoString Technologies.